The American Black and Tan Coonhound is a hunting breed. This breed excels in multiple hunting and tracking tasks. It’s high prey drive, courageous nature, and keen scenting ability has given this breed the ability to tackle both small and large game usually found hiding in trees. The physiology of the breed is unique. The long ears and facial folds waft odors from the ground into the nose as it tracks it’s game. The hip joints are lax enough to allow a near-vertical posture as it bays and trees it’s quarry. Although designed to be a pack hound, this breed can hunt independently with it‘s owner.
It is one of the few authentic American dog breeds. The actual lineage and mix of hounds used to create this breed is not well known. It is thought that many of the European hound breeds such as Bloodhound, Foxhound, Kerry Beagle, Talbot, and Grand Bleu de Gascogne contributed to its origins. In the United States the breed was developed using the Black and Tan Virginia Foxhound.
By the early 1900’s, the American Black and Tan Coonhound was established and registered with the United Kennel Club. By 1945, the breed was registered with the American Kennel Club. As you examine the two Breed Standards you will notice slight differences in size and conformation requirements. Of more importance, please note the disqualifications listed in each Breed Standard.
The AKC Black and Tan Coonhound has a limited gene pool from which to work with. It is therefore our opinion that every effort should be made to limit inbreeding . The risk of closely bred lines can greatly increase the risk of poor temperament and heritable diseases.
Disease conditions known to affect this breed include, but are not limited to :
- Bloat, Hip and Elbow Dysplasia, Heart and Valve Abnormalities , Juvenile Cataracts, Retinal Folds and Thyroid Deficiency.
To a lesser extent :
- Joint, structural conditions, temperament, allergies, and organ diseases have been reported.